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mineral exploration and processing have caused varying degree of environmental damage in nigeria. these include alteration of ecological state, air, water, soil pollution, destruction of soil jun 01, 2017 nigerias abundant solid minerals constitute some of the largest known deposits in recent years under different categories. with the activities in the sector characterized by production and a growing environmental decline often overlooked. this research uses a mix scale approach of descriptive statistics and gis methodology in analyzing the ecological impacts of mining in nigeria.
the nigerian civil war in the late also made many expatriate mining experts to leave the country.the mining of minerals in nigeria presently accounts for only 0.3% of its gdp, as a result of the nations concentrated interest in its vast oil resources. the environmental impact of mining and processing activities can extend for many the general secretary, nigerian mining and geoscience society dr. akinade olatunji, told the guardian that a lot of things are misunderstood about the environmental impact of mining
brooks DB conservation of mineral and of the environment. office of energy conservation. canadian department of energy, mines and resources, ottawa, canada. pp. kogbe ca, obialo AU statistics of mineral production in nigeria and contribution of the mineral industry to the nigeria economy.apr 25, 2017 environmental impacts Of mining As mentioned previously, mining activities can harm the environment in several ways. these are as follows: air pollution air quality is adversely affected by mining operations. unrefined materials are released when mineral deposits are exposed on the surface through mining.
an impact on the amount of fees and royalty payable by the title holder under the regulations. mining lease mining lease confers on the holder the right to obtain access and enter the mining lease area, the exclusive use, occupation and the carrying out of mineral exploitation within the mining lease area.nov 12, 2020 mining, processing, and disposing of these metals can contaminate the drinking water, land and environment if done improperly as seen from several examples. and, since china dominates the global market, it just switches what once was u.s. reliance on the middle east to u.s. reliance on the peoples republic.
mineral exploitation contributes significantly to economic growth and development in most world economies. In africa, ghana is the second largest gold producer, contributing to about 5.7% of the countrys gdp. the mining sector in ghana consists of both small-scale and large-scale mining, each of which has varying environmental impacts. this paper provides an exposition on the environmental 486 2007 no. nigerian minerals and mining act functions of the minister. metres of a railway, or which isthe site of, or within fifty metres of, any government or public building, reservoir, dam or public road; that is subject to the provisions of the national commission for
the evaluation of environmental impact of artisanal gold mining was carried out in luku, minna, north central nigeria, to evaluate environmental hazards associated with artisanal gold mining through field work and laboratory analyses. during the field work, observations of the whole mining site were made so as to evaluate the physical impact of mining and representative soil samples were the products and fuel produced from oil, gas and other mineral resources play a critical role in economic stability and industrial function. however, the processes of finding, mining andor producing and transporting these resources may have negative consequences in terms of environmental wellbeing.
jan 01, 2016 As part of the federal government measure to ensure that mining and exploration activities are conducted in an environmental and social responsible manner, a mineral title holder is required before commencing mining operations to submit an environmental impact assessment statement to the mines environmental compliance department in respect of nigeria has made great progress in promoting and organizing small scale miners, including carrying out environmental impact assessment for mining projects. mineral markets have been developed and the provision of loans to small scale miners is in place. the challenge for
minerals:gold, columbite, wolframite, tantalite, bitumen, iron ore and uraniume independence: october 1960 area: 923,768 mining fact: despite massive mineral wealth, the nigerian mining industry is vastly underdeveloped and only accounts for 0.3% of the countrys gdp and this due to oil resources. the underdevelopment is resulting in nigeria having to import processed minerals mining activity has led to serious environmental, socio-economic and health consequences in the lives of thousands of africans. mining is a short-term activity with long-term effects on the environment. It affects the natural environment because of the chemical materials and
jul 08, 2013 nigeria has created the following agencies over the years to help curb environmental impacts of oil and mineral extraction: federal environmental protection agency national oil spill detection and response agency national environmental regulation and enforcement agency national water resources institute mining in nigeria. As you see, nigeria is rich in various minerals. ancient crystalline rocks contain nonferrous and rare metal ores: tin, niobium, molybdenum, zirconium, tantalum, uranium, gold and silver.
mar 01, 2018 mineral wealth is an important asset that can be used to stimulate or enhance economic growth and spur infrastructure development, including the building of schools, hospitals and road networks.1 mining has played a substantial role in the development of ghana, which is second only to south africa in terms of gold production on the african continent.2 ghana is equally gifted with rich mineral sep 28, 2018 metal ore mining nonmetallic mineral mining and quarrying and mining support activities. Of all of these categories, oil and gas extraction remains one of the largest in terms of its global economic importance. wikipedia.org coal mining also receives attention for having a significant impact on the environment and wildlife.
advertisements: some of the major environmental effects of mining and processing of mineral resources are as follows: pollution destruction of land subsidence noise energy impact on the biological environment long-term supplies of mineral resources. mining and processing of mineral resources normally have a considerable im pact on land, water, first, solid mineral resources are economically, socially and environmentally crucial for nigeria. there are key knowledge gaps in the sector. In addition the utilization of solid mineral resources is well aligned with the banks country partnership strategy, which is placing a
3.0 principles of minerals and mining sector policy 4.0 regulating the mining sector 5.0 mineral licensing 6.0 environmental regulation of mining 6.1 climate change 7.0 occupational health and safety 8.0 fiscal policy for mining 9.0 promotion of efficient artisanal and small-scale mining the natives tap these minerals crudely with so many mining mills scattered all over the state dareta village is one of such mining fields. the uncontrolled and illegal mining activities have left a lot of environmental hazards, enormous amount of wastes and different types of pollutants on the mining
abstract. this paper identified mining sites in ten gold mining communities of ijesaland, nigeria; examined the forms, levels and extent of land degradation resulted from mining activities; analyzed spatial pattern of land use and finally assessed the effects of mining on livelihood of the people.environmental impacts of mineral exploration in nigeria and their phytoremediation strategies for sustainable ecosystem activities As human and animal poisoning occur through the ingestion of these contaminated foods it present health challenges such asdizziness,
journal of environment and earth science www.iiste.org issn 216 issn 948 vol.8, no.11, 2018 environmental and socio-economic impact of mining on immediate communities in kogi state central nigeria jethro, m.a ogbodo, d.a peter, e.o department of minerals and petroleum resources engineering, school of engineering, kogi state polytechnic, lokoja, nigeria jul 11, 2011 part health, environmental, and gender impacts of asgm activities since the 2010 lead poisoning outbreak in zamfara, much attention has been given to the collateral health and environmental impacts that arise from asgm. while the zamfara outbreak shifted much of the focus of the impacts of asgm to lead, mercury poisoning is an equally
In pursuit of this aim, nigeria revamped its mining law in 2007 and, again in 2011, with the aim of diversifying its economic and the ministry of mines and steel development has designated seven strategic minerals for priority development, namely, coal, bitumen, limestone, iron socio-economic impacts of tin mining in jos, plateau state, nigeria nwuka, duluora, j.okoye c.o. abstract: this work studied the social and economic impacts of tin mining in rayfield of jos plateau, nigeria. the conceptual framework is based on the concept of sustainable development. questionnaire was
this article examines legislation and practice concerning the environmental impact assessment process for oil and gas projects in nigeria. It argues that although eias have become a standard legal requirement for all oil, gas and mining projects in nigeria, not much is achieved in terms of managing the impacts of these projects.